Eczema (Atopic Dermatitis)
Eczema is a general term for any type of dermatitis (inflammation of the skin). Skin diseases that are “eczemas” include atopic dermatitis, nummular eczema, dyshidrotic (hand and/or foot) eczema, asteatotic eczema, contact dermatitis, and hypersensitivity dermatitis.
- All types of eczema can be itchy and red; some types may weep, crack, peel or blister.
- When people with atopic and dyshidrotic dermatitis are exposed to an irritant or allergen to which they are sensitive, their immune system is stimulated to produce inflammatory cells that enter the skin and release chemicals that cause itching and redness. These irritants are substances that cause burning, itch and redness. Astringents and toners, alcohol or acid-containing skin products, acidic foods, detergents, fumes, and industrial chemicals are a few examples of skin irritants.
- Atopic dermatitis very often occurs together with other atopic diseases like hay fever, seasonal or pet allergies, dust mite allergy, asthma, and conjunctivitis. It is a chronic condition that can worsen or disappear over time. Atopic dermatitis may sometimes be mistaken for psoriasis.
- Hypersensitivity dermatitis may be caused by medications, infections/infestations, and/or allergies.
- Changes in climate and extremes of climate (excessive heat, humidity, cold or dry air) can trigger eczema flares.
- Pediatric eczema can be particularly distressing for parents with young children. Identifying triggers, developing preventative strategies and quickly treating flares is especially important in kids.
- The typical acne lesions are comedones, papules, pustules, nodules, and inflammatory cysts.
- Several factors occur in combination to cause acne, including hormonal changes, a family history of acne, stress, and diet.
- Acne is usually associated with the teenage years, but the incidence of adult acne is on the rise.
- There is no way to predict how long it will take for acne to disappear entirely.
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Treatment For Eczema
- Medical moisturizers (also known as barrier repair creams or emollients) are now available to improve skin barrier function in people with eczema and atopic dermatitis.
- Along with moisturizers, eczema can be treated with topical corticosteroids, topical calcineurin inhibitors, ultraviolet light therapy (nbUVB
) ,and immunosuppressant drugs in severe cases.
Meet Our Providers
Our providers continue to maintain the highest levels of accreditation and progressive ongoing education to learn and understand the latest developments in medical dermatology. Each provider's education and bio can be viewed below.
Melanie Kuechle, MD
Dr. Kuechle is a native of Texas and a graduate of Baylor University College of Medicine. She completed her dermatology residency at...
Janet M. Trowbridge, M.D., Ph.D.
Dr. Trowbridge is a native of upstate New York and a graduate of the New York University Schools of Medicine and...